2k20 Black Power Writing Prompt


At the Chairs Retreat that took place August 10-12, 2018, the Afrikan Black Coalition Central Committee, comprised of all member-campus Presidents, unanimously decided to have a reading and response requirement for all Afrikan Black Coalition Conference attendees that year and in the future. The goal is to ensure all attendees of the conference have a foundational understanding of at least one aspect of Afrikan/Black politics. When we convene 800+ Afrikan/Black people annually, this foundational political education helps to ensure that we are productive in our engagement with all components of the conference, have a good time building community with one another, and also remember our theme: The Marathon: A Journey to Black Liberation.

For further information about timeline, formatting, guidelines and submissions, please visit Details about Black Power Writing Prompt.




Read one of the following academic journal articles listed below. Based on the reading you select, in complete sentences execute the following:

  1. Provide a summary of the academic journal article in 5-7 sentences

  2. Answer ALL questions listed below that correspond to the article that you select to read. 

  3. Explain how this article relates to this year’s conference theme in 5-7 sentences.

    • Theme: The Marathon: A Journey to Black Liberation 

Reminder:The Black Power Writing Prompt must be typed and spell checked with a standard Times New Roman 12-point font, 1-inch margins, and with all 3 components completed.


NOTE: Every submission will be read in its entirety, so please do not attempt to cheat the system and use someone else’s work.


The Black Campus Movement and the Institutionalization of Black Studies, 1965–1970 by Ibram Rogers (2011)


  • What were the differences in objectives between the “Negro University” and the “Black University”?

  • In addition to “Black Student Union,” what other names did politicized Black student groups carry and what did these organizations stress? 

  • Who was the inaugural President of the first Black Student Union? 

  • How did the faculty of San Francisco State respond to Jimmy Garrett’s Black Studies proposal? 

  • What is the significance of December 6, 1967 and what did the events lead to?

  • What were the objectives of Nathan Hare’s Black Studies department proposal and why were the professors and administrators of SF State afraid of it?  

  • What is the significance of the occupation of Hamilton Hall?

  • According to the article, how did nationalists and integrationists differ in the beliefs about Black Studies?

  • How did Morehouse President-Emeritus Benjamin E. Mays feel about the Black students’ demand of an “all-Black” university?

  • What is the significance of February 13, 1969?

  • How did Bayard Rustin and Kenneth B. Clark feel about Black students’ struggle to establish autonomous Black Studies departments? 

  • What were Shirley Chisholm’s feelings about Black student activism at the time?

  • How did SF State’s President S.I. Hayakawa respond to the Black studies departmental staff for refusing to meet with him?

  • How did Fannie Lou Hamer feel about the President of Mississippi Valley State college?

  • What kinds of institutional responses caused the descent of Black student protests in 1969-1970?

"Don't no woman have to do nothing she don't want to do": Gender, Activism, and the Illinois Black Panther Party by Jakobi Williams (2012) 

  • Questions:

    • How many Black Panther Party chapters existed across the U.S.?

    • Where were BPP offices located?

    • Although some may not have agreed with armed resistance, what else attracted community members to the organization? 

    • What was the “Panther Mandate”?

    • What was the BPP stance on capitalism and socialism?

    • Where did most BPP recruits come from? 

    • What kinds of new legislation based on gender did the BPP advocate for?

    • By 1969, who made of the majority of the rank and file members of the BPP and what kinds of experiences did they bring?

    • According to Phyllis J. Jackson, what made the BPP unique in comparison to other organizations at that time? 

    • What impact did “male chauvinism” have in the ILBPP?

    • What was the consequence for those who violated the policy of gender equality in the ILBPP?

    • How did motherhood impact Black women’s participation in the BPP?

    • How did the mission of the BPP change after Newton’s murder charges were dismissed in 1972? 

Responding to University Reform in South Africa: Student Activism at the University of Limpopo by Bjarke Oxlund (2010)

  • Questions:

    • What is the significance of toyi-toyi and what impact did it have at the inaugural ceremony?

    • What role did Urban Security play at the inaugural ceremony?

    • When did the University of Limpopo open and what was its aim?

    • According to Barnes, under what kinds of conditions did Black institutions exist?

    • In 1993, how poor were the funding schemes for Black universities in comparison to White universities? 

    • Which specific struggle did Turfloop become a site of? 

    • What made the student leader Abram Tiro so significant in the Black student struggle? What did he do? How was he treated?

    • How did student enrollment fluctuate between Black and White universities since 1994?

    • What did the new National Student Financial Aid Scheme funding formula fail to address?

    • The ability of Black institutions to respond to the market, were influenced by the legacies of two kinds of policies. What are they?

    • What did Professor Nhlapo suggest happen to the University of the North?

    • Why were Black student leaders regarded as a nuisance? 

    • How did income inequality and debt impact Black students?

    • How has the neo-liberal GEAR strategy impacted higher education?

    • How much did campus fees increase at the University of Limpopo in 2007 and what impact did this have on student attendance?

    • What are three ways Black students resisted in October 2007? 

    • How did Asmal and Ndebele feel about the Black student protests?

    • The goal of the neo-liberal university is to produce what kind of student?

Questions, Comments, Concerns:

1st: Ask your Delegation Liaison

2nd: Ask your Black Student Union President(s)

3rd: Ask your Field Organizer 

4th: Ask the Director of the Division of Student Affairs: StudentAffairs@ABlackCoalition.org